I think that sometimes the label of being mentally insane is

do people need protecting from the mentally ill

Canada Goose Coats On Sale IntroductionEach time a report of a hideous mass murder hits our television screens we strive for an explanation as to how a human being could reach the point where he could commit such an act of barbarism. To provide a valid explanation for why a person at a particular time behaved the way he did requires reference to multiple factors, drawing on individual, social, cultural and environmental causes. Despite this the media, along with many within the general population, seek a simple reason to account for the atrocity. precio de carcasa samsung galaxy s3 A common response buy canada goose jacket is to assume that the perpetrator must have been insane. Canada Goose Coats On Sale

The canada goose store argument is often circular and unhelpful. Only someone mentally deranged could be capable of such an extreme act of violence; surely a sane person wouldn’t behave this way? If only we could medicate these canada goose black friday sale mentally ill people, remedy their brain diseases, the world would be a much safer place, wouldn’t it? Maybe it gives the majority some security and comfort to believe that extreme and inexplicable violence could be averted by the more effective management of a small minority (the insane). carcasa iphone buceo

But is there any evidence that better treatment of the insane would protect the public from future mass homicides? What types of mental disorders are people referring to when Canada Goose Outlet they assume that there is a group of insane people posing a major threat to everyone? What is the discrepancy between public perception of risk of being the victim of violence perpetrated by a mentally ill person and the actual risk of such an eventuality? This hub will try to address these questions.

canada goose uk shop Which mental disorder is the public most concerned canadagoosejacketoutlett.com about?When the media or a lay person expresses concern about being victimized by the insane, which group of Canada Goose Parka psychiatric patients is being referred to? canada goose uk shop

canadian goose jacket A common mantra of psychiatrists in the developed world is that the rates of mental illness are on the increase. More and more of us are finding we fall within the criteria of the increasing number of mentally disordered categories espoused by the psychiatric system. Indeed, the latest version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association (DSM 5) will for the first time include the grief of bereavement as a formal mental disorder; thus, from May 2013 when DSM 5 becomes operative, anyone feeling low in mood for a couple of weeks after the death of a loved one will officially join the growing masses of the insane! canadian goose jacket

The general public tend to be most fearful of a specific sub set of people with mental health problems who hear voices, become paranoid and lose touch with reality. Mental health professionals refer to these kinds of experiences as psychoses. Psychiatrists label them as “schizophrenic.”

canada goose black friday sale Evidence for a link between psychosis and violenceA comprehensive review of the scientific evidence (1) concluded that there was a small but independent link between schizophrenia and violence. In a survey of over 10,000 people, 8% of those who had a diagnosis of schizophrenia had been violent as compared to 2% of those without the diagnosis (2). Although this four canada goose clearance fold increase in risk of violence for psychosis sufferers might sound substantial, two further considerations provide perspective. Firstly, other factors known to increase the risk of violent behaviour (for example, being victim of childhood abuse and witnessing violence being inflicted on others) are common occurrences in the histories of canada goose coats on sale psychosis sufferers. Therefore, the small increase in risk of violence for those with a schizophrenia diagnosis might not be directly attributable to the mental illness per se. canada goose black friday sale

Secondly, other risk factors for future violence (see Table 1), which canada goose deals apply to any person irrespective of mental illness, are more potent predictors than a diagnosis of schizophrenia. Both drug misuse and alcohol misuse are each a much stronger predictor of future violence than psychosis.

buy canada goose jacket cheap Furthermore, in comparison with a combination of male, young age and low socio economic status, the risk of violence associated with a mental disorder is a modest one (3). buy canada goose jacket cheap

Psychosis and homicideThe concept of a psychotic killer on the loose is a common one in the world of fiction. But how often do people with psychoses become murderers?

Canada Goose sale A British survey found that only 5% cheap Canada Goose of people convicted of homicide had, at some time in their life, acquired a diagnosis of schizophrenia (4). Similarly, an analysis of all murders committed in England and Wales between 1997 and 2005 reported that 10% (510 out of 5189) had mental health problems at the time of the index offence (5). Given that psychiatric researchers canada goose coats often assert that as many as 1 in 4 people within the general population will experience some form of mental disorder within a 12 month period, these homicide figures suggest that the link between psychosis and extreme violence is a weak one. carcasa iphone 5c transparente Indeed, it has been estimated that the risk of being murdered randomly by someone with psychosis is about 1 in 10 million, broadly the same as being struck by lightning (6). Also worthy of note is that the incidence of homicide by people with mental health problems has remained at the same low level since the early 1990s. Canada Goose sale

Canada Goose online Popular misconceptionDespite these figures suggesting it is irrational to worry about being assaulted by the mentally ill, the general public often overestimate the risk of violence. Two sources of information may be responsible for this misconception. Canada Goose online

canada goose coats on sale Firstly, sensationalist reporting by the media can distort perceptions about the level of dangerousness of people with mental health problems. For example, a survey of British newspapers revealed that 46% of stories about the mentally ill referred to acts of violence (7); an astonishing statistic when one considers that psychosis sufferers living in the community are 14 times more likely to be the victims of violent crime than to canada goose be convicted of an act of violence (8). canada goose coats on sale

Canada Goose Parka Secondly, western psychiatric services often present themselves as primarily fulfilling a containment role, protecting the public from the insane. Formal and informal coercion are used widely in both canada goose outlet the UK and USA to aid the management of people with psychosis (9). Legislation in Britain, and within some states in the USA, permits psychiatrists to force patients to take their medication under threat of being detained in hospital. carcasas 360 iphone 8 Canada Goose Parka

Canada Goose Online Psychiatry’s claim that they perform a major public protection role is disingenuous. carcasa iphone x real madrid As already illustrated, the risk presented by mentally ill people is a very modest one. Furthermore, applying greater coercion to people with mental health problems might make the lay person feel safer but it would make no appreciable impact on actual risk. many people are labelled as being at risk of violence who will not display any violence in the future. Even with the most detailed and laborious risk assessments, for every one homicide perpetrator correctly identified there will be 97 false positives (10). No civilized society could justify incarcerating large numbers of its citizens on the basis that the odd one might be dangerous. Canada Goose Online

canada goose factory sale 3 years ago from Lancashire, England canada goose factory sale

buy canada goose jacket Anna I appreciate your interest and feedback. buy canada goose jacket

Your example (of a man murdering a doctor) is the kind of Canada Goose online heinous crime that the media, and others, try to ‘explain’ by reference to so called mental illness. carcasa samsung galaxy s4 originala It is circular logic: the man who committed the murder is mentally ill how do you know he’s mentally ill? because he’s committed a horrendous murder. Such a lazy way of trying to account for the complexities of human behaviour. Gary L. Sidley

3 years ago from Lancashire, England

Suzanne Thank canada goose clearance sale you for the feedback. The central problem is that the construct ‘mental illness’ lacks any real validity and, therefore, offers a lazy way canadian goose jacket of trying to explain buy canada goose jacket cheap violent crimes.3 years ago

canada goose store It is imperative to understand that there are many people, like me, who have a mental condition I take care of. I don’t have delusions, hallucinations and I am not a sociopath. There are so many people who are not even part of the data because they don’t look for help and do not follow up with any kind of therapy. There are others, like a story I heard few days ago, about a man with no history of any mental illness, who went to a hospital and killed a doctor who operated on his mother and she died. The shooter killed himself. There are only few cases whose symptoms can be seen. carcasa iphone se apple So many, can’t. Thank you so much for the hub. canada goose store

cheap Canada Goose Suzanne Day cheap Canada Goose

4 years ago from Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

canada goose clearance A well researched hub. I think that sometimes the label of being mentally insane is used in court cases to get potential murderers off the hook, hence the public fear about it. It seems to be a very common excuse and probably does real mentally ill people no favours. Voted useful canada goose clearance.


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